New Technologies Are Shaking Up Health Care

For many decades, new drugs and tests have had a profound impact on health care. We are now witnessing the rise of entirely new technologies that will fundamentally change how health care is access and deliver.

In the past, patients and doctors would meet in person. To obtain information about the patient’s health-care preferences and needs, the clinician would use the traditional method of asking for a history, conducting a physical exam, and possibly organising tests.

The clinician would then compare this information with current knowledge about disease, prognosis, and therapies, hopefully including the patient. Together they would decide on a management plan.

The World Health Is Changing

All of this has been change by the internet. Whether we are health professionals or not, we all have similar access to vast quantities of information about diseases and how they are manage. This information is easily accessible so patients can be as informed as possible about their health and treatment options.

There are a growing number of apps that can help patients make informed decisions about their health options. Social media allows you to instantly connect with others who share your health concerns and experience.

Wearable biosensor technologies monitor physiological processes such as heart rate and activity. This allows for analysis and interpretation in real-time. Future wearables, as well as home-based sensors, will monitor a wider range of measurements, providing data that can be use to provide more sophisticated assessments of the wearer’s health and support in their care.

Pharmacies And Primary Health Care

Point-of-care testing is available at many pharmacies and primary health-care facilities. These tests currently only provide basic biological measures such as blood glucose and cholesterol. However, the number and range of tests available are increasing rapidly and prices are falling.

It will soon be possible to not only diagnose an infection but also to predict the most effective anti-infective for it. This can done in minutes and without the need to consult a doctor or nurse.

Human genomics is enabling us to reclassify and redefine diseases. These advances allow for more accurate predictions of risk, new opportunities to prevent disease; rapid confirmation of increasing numbers of diagnoses. This allows patients to informed about treatment options and clarify their likely prognosis.

This is the foundation of personalized medicine. It aims to tailor health-management advice to each individual, not just their disease. Parallel advances in genetic analysis of cancerous tumours and pathogens that can cause infection are improving the options for treating patients and their diseases.

Mental Health Is Also Important

Information and communication technologies are changing the way we provide psychological care. Video-consultations are more popular than ever because psychiatrists and psychologists seldom see patients in person.

Many websites offer online psychological assessments and advice. These can used to screen for common mental disorders or to assess cognitive and emotional functioning to predict the likelihood of a specific treatment.

Online access is easy to find psychological treatments such as mindfulness and cognitive behavioural interventions. Their effectiveness is support by strong evidence when used properly.

Communication technology can be used to monitor patients’ compliance with prescribed medication. This is a useful tool for the care of dementia patients, for instance. Smart dispensers can also help us all remember to take our medications.

Advances Eliminate

These advances eliminate the need for patients to meet with their clinicians in person or to communicate synchronously if a physical interaction, such as surgery, is necessary. Both patients and clinicians have access to a wide range of information and electronic decision support tools that can be used to help them make informed decisions. This is changing the role of the clinician.

As experts in the use of resources, doctors will play an increasing role in facilitating decision-making and patients’ choices. Still, infrastructure will be required for medical intervention, emergency management and the care of the very sick. However, information technology’s ability of reducing time and space will change how health care is delivered in the community. This will allow for the best care at every patient’s fingertips, whenever they need it.

These implications are significant for policy and planning in the health sector, as well as for education and training of health professionals. The key considerations include making it possible for everyone to have equal access to information technology, and ensuring that the technology does not distract from the human connection that we need when we are feeling ill or anxious about our health.

Mobile Platforms Can Give Refugees Access To Vital Information

There will be more than one million refugees from conflict zones such as Myanmar, Syria, Sudan and Iraq this year. Although these refugees are often faced with a closed world, they can also provide economic opportunities and cultural enrichment for countries that accept them. Some refugees integrate well in regional Australia while others face major challenges in the capital.

We are concerned researchers and we are interested to see how information technology could be used to help refugees resettle. Working with refugee organizations has taught us that it is crucial to have timely information about Australian life.

We are in the initial stages of creating a digital ecosystem that aggregates and provides this information to refugees and all those involved in caring for, supporting, training, and employing them. We’ve reviewed similar experiences in Germany to guide our work and not reinvent the wheel. Germany has a large refugee population.

Information Refugees Chaos

There are many international and national agencies that offer assistance to refugees in Germany. Each agency has its own regulations and responsibilities. Accessing basic services such as internet, money transfer and schooling presents a challenge for people already traumatized.

Asylum counsellors, youth welfare officers, local non-governmental organisations, volunteers, and others are given the information that refugees require. Sometimes, the information becomes outdated quickly.

It is hard to find the right information quickly due to language barriers, geographical problems and multiple information sources. This encourages refugees to seek out information from others who arrived earlier, which can lead to misinterpretation and outdated information.

Mobile phones Refugees

This refugee crisis is different from previous ones because of the widespread availability of information technology. Many mobile initiatives exist to help refugees who have access to their smartphones.

Hackathon volunteers from Germany created Moin, a mobile guide for refugees. Also, a tool to help refugees with administrative processes known as bureaucrazy. These apps were difficult to maintain, and required volunteers to do so for a long time.

Some initiatives, however, have achieved sustainable results by eliminating the need to update third parties. These apps instead allow information providers to update their information.

The Integreat project, for example, is a mobile app that allows refugees to access information in their home country. It offers information about the asylum process, contact details and other aspects of daily living. Integreat’s information is maintain by the municipality and local non-governmental organizations via a content management system that can accessed through web browsers.

Its modular design allows it to be easily extend to other cities, which can reuse existing content and translate into other languages. This makes it easier to collect and maintain the relevant information. It is a useful addition to asylum programs.

Matchmaking Between Housing And Employment

Integreat is a program that can assist refugee in their first months in a host country. However, it becomes more difficult when refugee attempt to move to permanent housing.

German language barriers, high demand among locals for apartments, and resistance from property owners who do not want to rent to refugee have made it difficult to find accommodation. German municipalities made significant efforts to accommodate refugees by directly contacting landlords.

Sometimes property owners want to help refugee but don’t know how. A digital platform that connects property owners and refugees, such as the Berlin-based digital platform Fluchtlinge-Willkommen (Refugee Welcome), could help alleviate such problems.

Similar matchmaking services were created to help German employers find qualify workers with refugee looking for work. Workeer is an initiative that is available in Germany. Refugeetalent in Australia is a similar one.

Got ICT Talent How Do We Make The Most

How will science meet the challenges of the future talent in Australia? We are asking each discipline of science how they will help Australia in the future and now, with the support of Australia’s chief scientist Ian Chubb. These articles are written by luminaries, and include two expert commentaries for a wider perspective. They are publish every other week and cover all major scientific areas. This installment examines the role of ICT.

Both the public and private sectors are finally realizing that information and communication technology (ICT), is an enabler technology. Companies, whether they are making drugs, mining coal or building a bridge, have to use ICT. Government agencies such as the Australian Taxation Office, which operates urban railway systems, and, obviously, the Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DTSO) also need ICT.

It was not uncommon for casual commentators to suggest that Australia had missed ICT. Almost all ICT multinationals are foreign-owned and don’t want to do anything more than selling in Australia

Small And Medium Sized Talent Enterprises

ICT-based small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs), faced the same challenges as all SMEs. The additional challenge was that their ICT specialist R&D personnel were less qualified than R&D staff from other disciplines. CSIRO was perceive, perhaps unfairly, as having little impact on the area.

International rankings of Australian computer science publication references showed that we were far behind the global average. Public perceptions of ICT’s value are much stronger these days. We interact almost every day with ICTs.

More than one billion mobile phones around the world have Australian software. While only a fraction of these phones are locate in Australia, it is clear that there is enough to show that the entire community recognizes the transformative power of ICT, even though it is sometimes hidden behind closed doors.

The National Broadband Network (NBN), a ICT construct in its own right, has been the focus of considerable political controversy. It raised awareness about the pervasiveness and importance of ICT.

Then, What’s Next?

The combination of ICT ideas and technologies that we already know will have a profound impact on our daily lives. Likely scenarios include. Instead of taking pills or injecting drugs, our bodies may be able to use devices that administer drugs automatically at the times and dosage levels that we need.

Firemen will have access to micro-airborne vehicles that can search for survivors in a burning building. All road vehicles will have sensors and devices that communicate with other vehicles, roadside infrastructure and vehicles. This will reduce collisions and congestion and provide real-time advice. In due course, automated vehicle control will increase traffic density on freeways.

The ATO website can accept questions on tax-related issues and will provide an answer via an automatic service that the taxpayer can use to meet his or her tax obligations. A bionic eye will restore partial vision for people who are blind due to diseases like macular degeneration (see video).

People will increase their qualifications by enrolling in massive open online classes (MOOCs). After automated processing of their assignments, they will receive a grade

Many farm fences will be remove farm animals will receive sensors that will localise their position and give an electric shock to any animal that strays from the defined area.

People will talk with non-English-fluent Korean businessmen talent using a simple, two-way, real-time translation app or an add-on to a 3-dimensional Skype system. Robot floor cleaners will work as fast as human vacuum cleaners.